According to the Code of Civil Procedure No. 6100 (the "CCP"), monetary limitations set out in its provisions will increase by the revaluation rate for each year on an annual basis. The revaluation rate, which is the increase rate for the Producer Price Index, is published by the Ministry of Treasury and Finance with a communique in the Official Gazette each year.

Accordingly, the Ministry of Treasury and Finance issued the General Communique on Tax Procedure Code numbered 521 ("the "Communique") in the Official Gazette on 28 November 2020. The Communique announces the revaluation rate for 2020 as 9.11%. You can reach the Communique  via here. (Available in Turkish only)

Monetary limitations set forth in the CCP and other relevant codes have been updated in accordance with this rate. The updated amounts that will be applied as of 1 January 2021 are below.

Monetary Limitation for the Obligation to Submit Documentary Evidence

. From 1 January 2021, monetary claims exceeding TRY4,880.00 may only be proven by documentation in principle. In such disputes, parties must submit documentary evidence in order to prove their claims.

Monetary Limitations to Appeal Decisions of Civil Courts Given as of 1 January 2021

. Decisions of First Instance Courts (Family Courts, Labour Courts, Commercial Courts, Civil Courts of First Instance, Civil Courts of Peace, Consumer Courts, Cadastral Courts), that do not exceed TRY5,880.00 are definitive and may not be appealed to the Regional Courts of Appeal.

. Decisions of Civil Enforcement Courts that do not exceed TRY13,740.00 are definitive and may not be brought before the Regional Courts of Appeal.

. Decisions of Regional Courts of Appeal that do not exceed TRY78,630.00 are definitive and may not be appealed to the Court of Cassation.

. Decisions of First Instance Courts given before the date of 20 July 2016  are subject to the appellate regime outlined in the former Civil Procedure Code No. 1086. Under the former appellate regime, decisions of First Instance Courts may be directly appealed to the Court of Cassation. After that appeal process, parties can request the correction of a decision from the Court of Cassation. Monetary limitations of the former appellate regime differ from the current appellate regime. The updated amounts for this regime are below.

Decisions of First Instance Courts (Family Courts, Labour Courts, Commercial Courts, Civil Courts of First Instance, Civil Courts of Peace, Consumer Courts, Cadastral Courts), that do not exceed TRY4,270.00 are definitive and may not be appealed to the Court of Cassation.

Decisions of Civil Enforcement Courts, that do not exceed TRY12,380.00 are definitive and may not be appealed to the Court of Cassation.

Decisions of the Court of Cassation, that do not exceed TRY26,310.00 are not subject to the decision correction mechanism.

It should be noted that the courts' decisions on non-pecuniary damages are not subject to these monetary limitations.

Monetary Limitation for Requesting a Hearing from the Court of Cassation

In principle, the Court of Cassation reviews decisions of lower courts without holding a hearing. However, parties to monetary disputes of a value over a certain amount can request the Court of Cassation to hold a hearing. The amount set for 2021 is TRY117,960.00.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.