On October 17, 2018, the possession of cannabis in limited amounts and its consumption will be legalized across Canada. Québec has adopted its own legislation, called the Cannabis Regulation Act, which contains specific provisions related to cannabis use across the province.
As expected, on June 12, 2018, the Government of Québec adopted An Act to constitute the Sociéte québecoise du cannabis, to enact the Cannabis Regulation Act and to amend various highway safety-related provisions (the Law). The Law allows lessors of a dwelling to benefit from a grace period to modify the terms of their existing leases to prohibit the smoking of cannabis in their building. The transitional provisions of the Law is as follows:
"107. A lessor may, until (insert the date that is 90 days after the date of coming into force of section 1 of the Cannabis Regulation Act), modify the conditions of the lease of a dwelling by adding a prohibition against smoking cannabis.
To that end, the lessor must give the lessee a notice of modification describing the prohibition against smoking cannabis applicable to the use of the leased premises.
The lessee may refuse the modification for medical reasons. The lessee must do so by informing the lessor of the refusal within 30 days after receiving the notice of modification. In such a case, the lessor may apply to the Régie du logement, within 30 days after receiving the notice of refusal, for a ruling on the modification of the lease.
In the absence of a refusal, the prohibition is deemed entered in the lease 30 days after the lessee received the notice of modification."
Given that section 1 of the Cannabis Regulation Act will come into force on October 17, 2018, the 90-day delay mentioned in the above transitional provision will expire on January 15, 2019.
It will be interesting to follow the Régie du logement's application of this provision seeing that in the case of Cholette v Cuellar 2018 QCRDL 23044 from July 10, 2018, it refused to add a prohibition against smoking cannabis to an existing lease on the basis that it violated the lessee's: a) right to peaceful enjoyment of the premises; and b) exercise of the rights and freedoms with respect to democratic values protected by the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.
In light of the foregoing, all lessors of a dwelling who wish to add such a prohibition to existing leases should proceed within the applicable delay. Failing to do so will require them to wait until their existing lease has expired and to include the prohibition in a new lease with a subsequent tenant. Conversely, owners of commercial properties are not affected by any transitional provision and can create the same restrictions in their rules and regulations which are imposed on smokers.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.