To combat illegal phoenixing activities, make directors more accountable and to give ASIC powers to make certain orders, the Treasury Laws Amendment (Combating Illegal Phoenixing) Act 2020 was enacted on 17 February 2020. The legislation amended the Corporations Act and the GST Act.
The legislation introduces new terminology of
"creditor-defeating disposition" which relates to a
company disposing of property for less than its market value or for
less than the best price that could reasonably be expected to be
achieved in the disposal. The intent is to protect company property
from uncommercial actions that prevent, hinder, or significantly
delay the process of making the property available for the benefit
of creditors in the winding up of the company.
The effect of creditor-defeating disposition also extends to circumstances where a company disposes of property to a third party and the third party gives all or some of the consideration to another person other than the company.
Further amendments were made around the resignation of directors
and increasing the accountability of resigning directors where
their actions are to mask their role in phoenixing. The intention
is to prevent directors from backdating resignations or from
ceasing to be a director where such actions would leave the company
without a director.
The amendments also strengthen ASIC's powers to make orders on its own initiative with respect to the following:
- An order directing the person to transfer to the company property that was the subject of the disposition;
- An order requiring the person to pay to the company an amount that in ASIC's opinion fairly represents some or all of the benefits that person has received (directly or indirectly) because of the disposition; and
- An order requiring the person to transfer to the company property that in ASIC's opinion fairly represents the application of proceeds of property that was the subject of the disposition.
The amendment to the GST Act enables the Commissioner of Taxation to collect estimates of anticipated GST liabilities and make the company directors personally liable for their company's GST liability in circumstances where a company does not meet its GST obligations.
These changes provide the liquidators with more scope to take action against directors and officers of the company (and their advisers), while empowering ASIC with the ability to make orders in relation to phoenixing activities.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.