The Organic Law Reform to the Organic Law of the Public Service and the Labor Code in Ecuador to prevent workplace harassment defines this behavior as any situation that threatens the dignity of the person that causes harm, abuse, humiliation or damage to the situation labor. But for labor experts, the concept is very broad and even subjective.
That's why some lawyers in Ecuador are using the form created by the German psychologist Heinz Layemann (1932-1999) to help their clients better identify workplace harassment.
Here are 45 signals that, according to this document, show that an employee is going through this situation in his workplace. Remember that workplace harassment is sanctioned with approval and dismissal.
1. The boss or stalker does not allow the victim the ability to communicate.
2. The victim is continually interrupted when he speaks.
3. Peers prevent you from expressing yourself.
4. Comrades shout and swore loudly.
5. Verbal attacks occur criticizing work done.
6. Criticism towards your private life.
7. The victim is terrorized with phone calls.
8. You are verbally threatened.
9. You are threatened in writing.
10. Contact with the victim is rejected (avoiding eye contact, by gestures of rejection, disdain or contempt, etc.).
11. Their presence is ignored, for example by addressing exclusively to third parties (as if they did not see or did not exist).
12. Never talk to the victim.
13. You are not allowed to address one.
14. You are assigned to a job that isolates you from your colleagues.
15. His partners are prohibited from speaking with him.
16. The physical presence of the victim is denied.
17. The victim is cursed or slandered.
18. Rumors are made orchestrated by the harasser.
19. The victim is ridiculed.
20. The victim is attributed to being mentally ill.
21. Attempt to force a psychiatric examination or diagnosis.
22. It is fabled or invented a supposed illness of the victim.
23. They imitate their gestures, their posture, their voice and their attitude with a view to ridicule.
24. Their political or religious beliefs are attacked.
25. He makes fun of his private life.
26. They make fun of their origins or their nationality.
27. He is forced to perform humiliating work.
28. The work of the victim is recorded, recorded and consigned unequally in malicious terms.
29. The decisions made by the victim are questioned or answered.
30. He is insulted in obscene or degrading terms.
31. The victim is sexually harassed with gestures or propositions.
32. Work is not assigned to the victim.
33. You are deprived of any occupation.
34. You are assigned totally useless or absurd tasks.
35. He is assigned tasks that are much lower than his professional skills or abilities.
36. New tasks are constantly assigned to him.
37. He is made to perform humiliating works.
38. He is assigned tasks that require an experience superior to his professional competences.
39. He is forced to perform dangerous or especially harmful work for health.
40. He is physically threatened.
41. The victim is physically assaulted, but without seriousness, as a warning.
42. He is physically attacked, but not restrained.
43. Expenses are voluntarily incurred with the intention of damaging it.
44. Defects are caused in your work place or in your home.
45. The victim is sexually assaulted (El Comercio).
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.